"საქართველო და მსოფლიო" - საზოგადოებრივ-პოლიტიკური გაზეთი

Georgia & World 

 

arno xidirbegiSvili: saqarTvelos damoukideblobis dRes somxeTi

saqarTvelosgan damoukidebeli xdeba!

 

`s~ da `a~ milze ijda _ vin ifiqrebda, rom amdeni wlis Semdeg am sabavSvo gamocanaze Tavis mtvreva mogviwevda?!

Tavidan yvelaferi naTelia: `s~ (saqarTvelo) da `a~ (azerbaijani) maT teritoriaze gamaval milze `sxedan~, romelic evropas kaspiis navTobiT (baqo-Tbilisi-jeihani, baqo-Tbilisi-sufsa), xolo TurqeTs gaziT (baqo-Tbilisi-erzerumi) amaragebs.

kolizia Semdeg iwyeba: `a~ _ davarda, `s~ _ daikarga: milze vin darCa, anu vis kontrolqveS aRmoCnda es milebi? Tu `a~ ver gauZlebs zewolas da `davardeba~ _ saboloo arCevans gaakeTebs erT-erTi konkurentis sasargeblod, xolo `s~ saerTod `daikargeba~ _ arsebobas Sewyvets, rogorc damoukidebeli suverenuli saxelmwifo kavkasiaSi gavlenisaTvis mebrZoli didi saxelmwifoebis metoqeobis Sedegad; gansakuTrebiT Tu gaviTvaliswinebT axali magistraluri gazsadenis _ `nabukos~ proeqts _ ukve gayvanili baqo-Tbilisi-erzerumis gagrZelebas plus transkaspiuri monakveTi, romelic evropas centraluri aziis gazis saganZurisken uxsnis gzas, maSin?

ar vici, vin darCeba `milze~ an `cxenze~ (rac mocemul SemTxvevaSi erTi da igivea!), ra davardeba an daikargeba, magram am azartul TamaSSi uTuod iqnebian mogebulebi da wagebulebi, vinaidan raRacaze jdoma mxolod fuli da siamovneba ki ara, safrTxe da didi pasuxismgeblobacaa...

erTmniSvnelovnad gamarjvebulis gamocnoba dRes SeuZlebelia, savaraudod, is arc iqneba, xolo qulebiT gamarjvebulis gamoTvla SesaZlebelia, Tu gaviTvaliswinebT:

 _ 2008 wlis ivlisSi ruseTis prezidentis d. medvedevisa da azerbaijanis prezidentis i. alievis mier xelmoweril deklaracias ruseTisa da azerbaijanis megobrobisa da strategiuli partniorobis Sesaxeb da xelSekrulebas 2010 wlis ianvridan ruseTisaTvis azerbaijanuli gazis miwodebaze;

 _ faqts, rom azerbaijans ar aqvs imdeni energomatarebeli, rom erTdroulad xelSekrulebiT miawodos is ruseTs, uzrunvelyos saqarTvelo da daakmayofilos guam-is sxva qveynebis moTxovnebic, xolo momavalSi gaziT Seavsos `nabukos~ gazsadeni (amgvarad, nawilobriv daakmayofilos evrokavSiris qveynis moTxovnebi, romlebic yovelwliurad 600-700 miliard kubmetrs moixmaren, xolo, yvelaze optimisturi monacemebiT, gazsaden `nabukos~ simZlavrem weliwadSi daaxloebiT 26-30 miliardi kubmetri unda Seadginos).

_ zemoT CamoTvlili amocanebis erTdroulad Sesrulebas azerbaijani mxolod im SemTxvevaSi SeZlebs, Tu moqmedi gazsadeni `baqo-Tbilisi-erzerumi~ gazis sabadoebiT umdidres kaspiis auzis aziur qveynebs _ uzbekeTs, yazaxeTsa da TurqmeneTs SeuerTdeba;

_ zemoT xsenebuli uzbekeTi da yazaxeTi, ruseTTan, tajikeTTan, yirgizeTTan, belorussa da somxeTTan erTad, samxedro-politikuri kavSiris _ odbk-s (koleqtiuri usafrTxoebis Sesaxeb xelSekrulebis organizaciis) wevrebi arian.

magram, nebismier SemTxvevaSi, mogebulTa Soris aranair milze `mjdari~ kidev erTi kavkasiuri qveyana _ somxeTi aRmoCndeba, romelmac guSin saqarTvelos damoukideblobis dRes saqarTvelosgan damoukideblobisken gadadga nabiji: 2009 wlis 26 maiss laipcigSi xeli moewera SeTanxmebas saborne mimosvlis Sesaxeb ruseTis Savi zRvis port `kavkassa~ da TurqeTis `samsuns~ Soris. amis Sesaxeb uwin erevanSi gaerTianebuli saaqcio sazogadoeba `rosiiskaia Jeleznaia dorogas~ vice-prezidentma avTandil gorgilaZem (ai rogor `aviwroeben~ ruseTSi qarTvelebs!) ganacxada. man, aseve, aRniSna, rom am proeqtSi monawileobas miiRebs kompania `bleq si ferris limitedi~, romlis sawesdebo kapitalSi 51 %-iani wili ruseTis rkinigzas (anu ruseTis saxelmwifos!) ekuTvnis.

Tu mxedvelobaSi miviRebT, rom satransporto mimosvlis gaxsna somxeTsa (ruseTis strategiuli mokavSirisa da odkb-s wevris) da TurqeTs (ruseTis strategiuli partnioris, romelic evrokavSirSi ar miiRes) Soris arcTu Soreuli momavlis saqmea, mivxvdebiT, rom es _ saqarTvelos alternatiuli (foTisa da baTumis portebis gavliT) satransporto _ marSruti (TurqeTis gavliT _ evropasa da ruseTSi), SesaZloa, somxeTisTvis ufro mniSvnelovani gaxdes, vidre iranze gamavali gza (bandar-abasis porti _ indoeTis, CineTis, saamiroebisken da a. S.).

sainteresoa, amis Semdeg ras miscems xmas geoekonomikuri Cixidan gamosuli somxeTi, Tu ruseTi odkb-s yvela wevris winaSe dauyenebs sakiTxs afxazeTisa da samxreT oseTis damoukidebel saxelmwifoebad aRiarebis Sesaxeb?!

_ somxeTi, romelic ganawyenebulia saqarTveloze imis gamo, rom am ukanasknelma jer kidev 6 wlis winaT winaswari gadasaxadis saxiT 250 mln dolari gamoarTva _ somxeTis wili erevani-ninowminda-goderZis uReltexili-baTumis avtomagistralis asagebad, romlis mSenebloba dRemde ar dawyebula?!

_ somxeTi, romlisTvisac saqarTvelo ar Cqarobs ruseTis mier 3 wlis winaT `saremontod~ daketili sabaJo-sasazRvro gadasasvlelis _ zemo larsis gaxsnas (ris gamoc somxeTs mTeli am wlebis ganmavlobaSi soflis meurneobis mosavali ufuWdeboda), dRes umaRlesi standartebis mixedviT garemontebulsa da ruseTis mxridan eqspluataciaSi gaSvebuls?!

_ somxeTi, romelic protestis niSnad uaris Tqmas apirebs qarTuli mineraluri wylis _ `borjomis~ Sesyidvaze imis gamo, rom samcxe-javaxeTis regionSi kompakturad dasaxlebul somxebs, meore welia, gauyidavi kartofili ulpebaT (adgilobrivi mosaxleobis Semosavlis ZiriTadi wyaro!), radgan TurqeTis iaffasian, imave dasaxelebis produqtTan konkurencias ver uZlebs?!

sainteresoa, fiqroben Tu ara amaze mTavrobasa da saqarTvelos prezidentis aparatSi isini, vinc valdebulia, rom amaze fiqrobdes?! iqneb, maTi wyalobiT gadauWreli es problemebi (da ara _ rusuli fe-es-be da ge-re-u!) `asazrdoeben~ sxvadasxva juris `daSnakcucunebisa~ da `virqebis~ saqmianobas?! rodemde gamocdian isini `haosisa da qarTlosis Zmuri kavSiris~ simyares, iseve, rogorc aqamde cdidnen ruseT-saqarTvelos   mravalsaukunovan urTierTobas?!

da kidev _ esmis Tu ara Cvens xelisuflebas, rom am TamaSSi ruseTisa da aSS-is interesebi erTmaneTs emTxveva _ aSS-s, ruseTis msgavsad, `sulac ar awyenda~ kontroli gazsadenebze da am survilis dasakmayofileblad arc afxazeTi da arc samxreT oseTi ar sWirdeba?!

movlenebis Sesabamisi ganviTarebisas Tavis sityvas ityvis TurqeTic _ satranzito qveyana, romelic sisxlxorceulad aris dainteresebuli yvela gazsadenis Seuferxebeli da usafrTxo eqspluataciiT, risi uzrunvelyofac SesaZlebelia erTaderTi da ara ori `kuratoris~ mier maTi gakontrolebis SemTxvevaSi! eWvic ar mepareba, rom TurqeTi arCevans saqmeSi gamocdili partniorisa da tradiciuli regionuli moTamaSis _ ruseTis sasargeblod gaakeTebs, romelic, aSS-isgan gansxvavebiT, kavkasiis `organizmisTvis~ ucxo, mudmivad SeuTavsebel `sxeuls~ ar warmoadgens da, amasTan, TviTon flobs msoflioSi udides, naxSirwyalbadis bunebriv sabadoebs, rom aRaraferi vTqvaT samagistralo milsadenebis uzarmazar qselze, mTels evropas rom gaziT amaragebs!

istoriis gakveTilebisa (magaliTad, 1921 wlis yarsis xelSekrulebis) da dRevandeli realiebis gaTvaliswinebiT, imis ganWvretac SeiZleba, Tu ras moimoqmedebs TurqeTi. moviyvan citatas globalizaciis problemebis centris xelmZRvanelis, politikur mecnierebaTa doqtoris _ aleqsandre WaWias 2008 wlis 4 aprilis interviudan, roca saparlamento arCevnebis win saqarTvelos amJamindeli xelisuflebis evropuli orientaciisa da natoSi gawevrebis kursis Sefaseba sTxoves: `gasagebia TurqeTis interesic: natos egidiT xom saqarTveloSi swored Turquli samxedro bazebi ganTavsdeba, rac TurqeTs saSulebas miscems, ara mxolod gaakontrolos saqarTvelo, romelsac TurqeTis elita mudam Tavis vasal teritoriad miiCnevda, aramed pirdapir daukavSirdes TurqeTisadmi loialurad ganwyobil Crdilokavkasiel xalxs, anu mniSvnelovani nabiji gadadgas `didi Turanis~ ideis sarealizaciod...    afxazeTi magnitiviT miizidavs Crdilokavkasiuri respublikebis separatistul wreebs, romlebic, didi xani,a zRvaze pirdapir gasasvlelze ocneboben. kvlav aRorZindeba Tavis droze Turquli genStabis mier SemuSavebuli idea afxazeTisa da CrdiloeT kavkasiis respublikebis erTian saxelmwifod gadaqcevis Sesaxeb. gavixsenoT: am ideis realizacia scades kavkasiis mTiel xalxTa konfederaciis SeqmniT, romlis dedaqalaqic soxumi unda yofiliyo. miaqcieT yuradReba: ara kavSiri, ara xalxTa asociacia, aramed swored konfederacia, anu saxelmwifoebrivi mowyobis forma. amasTan, afxazeTis damoukidebeli statusi mas saSualebas miscems, uSualo saxelmwifoTaSorisi saxelSekrulebo urTierTobebi daamyaros TurqeTTan da veravin ganWvrets, ra Sedegebi SeiZleba gamoiRos aman~.

ai, Tqven is SemTxvevac, roca `s~ `daikarga~: saqarTvelo, SesaZloa, Seumdgar saxelmwifod (failed state) miiCnion, romelic Tavis arsebobas mxolod satranzito teritoriad ganagrZobs!

iluziebi _ ai, ra gvibiZgebs ufskrulisken!

iluziebi Cveni _ `msoflioSi saukeTeso da yvelaze tolerantuli eTnosis~ gansakuTrebulobis Sesaxeb! swored aman dagvakargvina afxazeTi da samaCablo;

iluziebi, rom saqarTvelo Seucvleli satransporti derefania da rom didi abreSumis gzis aRorZineba satransporto tranzitisa da turizmis SemosavlebiT oqroSi Cagvsvams! eduard SevardnaZis swored am mkvdradSobil pirmSos vasaflavebT dRes, amerikisa da veropisgan nasesxebi fuliT;

iluziebi, rom energomatareblebis tranzitiT miRebuli procentebi saqarTvelos biujets mkveTrad proficitulad aqcevs, Cven ki quveiTis SeixebiviT gagvamdidrebs. xolo aSS-is mTeli samxedro-sahaero floti, dRe da Rame, imorigevebs saqarTvelos caze _ daicavs am milebs da, imavdroulad, buzebs auqSevs mwvads, romelsac Cven, misi gamdidrebuli moqalaqeebi, usaqmurobisgan, dRedaRam mivirTmevT da zedac kaxur Rvinos davayolebT;

iluziebi, rom kavkasias SeuZlia neitraluri iyos da rom neitraliteti pasiuric arsebobs (SevardnaZis mixedviT) da aqtiuric. amas STagvinergaven sxvadasxva juris politavantiuristebi da aviwydebaT, rom cnebebi `aqtiuri~ da `pasiuri~ ufro metad seqsualur umciresobebs esadageba, vidre neitralitets, romelsac mxolod neitraluri SeuZlia iyos! kavkasiis saxelmwifo sabWos mowveva ki dRes ararealuria, _ saqarTvelos xalxebis asambleas Tu moviwvevT stambulSi, anda kavkasiis mTiel xalxTa konfederacias soxumSi;

iluziebi, rom Turme gasul kviras (21-22 maisi) xabarovskSi gamarTul ruseT-evropis samitze, saiTkenac evropis warmomadgenlebs mravalsaaTianma frenam mouwiaT, sxvadasxva saaTobrivi sartyelis gavliT (samagierod, rogorc ruseTis prezidents surda, maT ruseTis sidiade igrZnes!), `evropisTvis bunebrivi gazis saeqsporto miwodebis problema ruseTis ekonomikisa da politikis yvelaze susti adgilia da am berkets dasavleTi samxreT kavkasiaSi konfliqtis sakiTxis dasaregulireblad gamoiyenebs~. aseTi azri gamoTqva erT-erTma axlgazrda politavantiuristma, romlis warmoCenasac, bolo xanebia, aqtiurad cdiloben saqarTvelos xelisuflebis `jibis~ telearxebi, Tavi rom eqspertebad moaqvT da proqto-politologebis (warsulSi  skkp istoriis damsaxurebuli propagandistebi, romlebmac xandazmulobaSi suli dolarebze mihyides am dolarebisave mwarmoebeli qveynebis specsamsaxurebs...) saqmes agrZeleben. etyoba, am damwyeb crupentelasa da orpirs daaviwyda, rom swored evropa, da ara ruseTi, iyineboda wlevandel zamTars, rodesac ruseTma (satranzito qveynis _ ukrainis braleulobiT) Seuwyvita mas bunebrivi gazis miwodeba: maS, vis upyria xelT es berketi, ufro sworad, `ventili~?!

diax, politiluzionistebi gamudmebiT gvatyueben, magram is, vinc mudmivad ityueba da mudam iluziebiT cxovrobs, an uimedo idealistia, an _ sruli idioti...

quveiTis SeixiviT mdidari ki yvela Cvengans SeeZlo yofiliyo, Tuki miliardobiT saerTaSoriso tranSi sxvadasxva mexuTexarisxovan saWiroebasa da mdare Souze, `fasadur~ reformebsa da uxarisxo iaraRis SeZenaze ki ar gaiflangeboda, aramed, elementarulad, gadaunawildeboda bedkruli saqarTvelos darCenil sam milion moqalaqes da agraruli seqtoris aRorZinebas moxmardeboda...