"საქართველო და მსოფლიო" - საზოგადოებრივ-პოლიტიკური გაზეთი

Georgia & World 

 

 arno xidirbegiSvili:

 

neitraliteti _ saqarTvelos alternativa ar gaania!

 

 

Zvirfaso mkiTxvelo! es publikacia eZRvneba saxelmwifo neitralitetis Temas, ris Sesaxebac qarTul sazogadoebaSi bevri miTqma-moTqma, Wori da azria. maS ase: ra aris neitraliteti da ra sargeblobis motana SeuZlia mas saqarTvelosTvis?

neitraliteti (germ. `Neutralitet~, laT. `neuter~-isagan _ `arc is, arc sxva~) saerTaSoriso samarTliT, esaa omSi monawileobis miuReblobis politika, mSvidobian dros ki _ uaris Tqma samxedro blokebSi monawileobaze (haagis 2007 wlis V konvencia). internetSi yvelas SeuZlia gaecnos globalizaciis problemebis gamokvlevaTa centris xelmZRvanelis, mecnierebaTa doqtoris aleqsandre WaWias brwyinvale publikaciebs saqarTvelosTan dakavSirebiT neitralitetis Temaze. igi jer kidev gasuli saukunis 90-iani wlebis bolodan mecnierulad asabuTebda saqarTvelosTvis saxelmwifo da samxedro neitralitetis politikis xelsayrelobas.

minda, aRvniSno, rom saqarTvelosTvis neitraliteti misaRebia saerTaSoriso `kvartetis~ _ gaeros, evrokavSiris, amerikis SeerTebuli Statebisa da ruseTis federaciis garantiebis pirobebSi. magram, SesaZlebelia ki es `garantebis kvarteti~  08.08.08-is Semdeg? Tanaxmani arian ki dRes savaraudo garantorebi?!

ara! imitom, rom gaero da euTo, rogorc cnobilia, imyofebian aq `gadamfrenis~ uflebiT, amerikis SeerTebul Statebs saqarTveloSi swored samxedro bazebi unda, ruseTs aq ukve aqvs samxedro bazebi _ afxazeTsa da samxreT oseTSi, Tu Zveleburad SeiZleba CavTvaloT isini saqarTvelod! da Tu ara _ maSin risTvis gvinda Cven neitraliteti da garantorebis meurveobis msgavsni?!

gana neitralur qveynebs, romelTa statusic dadasturebuli iyo saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebebSi, ar ganucdiaT Tavdasxmebi da okupaciebi, rogorc, magaliTad, belgiasa da luqsemburgs 1914 wels, norvegias, danias, baltiis qveynebs _ 1940 wels, fineTs ki _ 1939 wels?! gana meore msoflio omis periodSi SvedeTs ar mouwia wasuliyo neitralitetis arsebiT darRvevaze da gaetarebina Tavis teritoriaze hitleruli germaniis jarebi? 1945 wlis Semdeg belgiam da luqsemburgma uari ganacxades TavianT neitralur statusze da Sevidnen natoSi, xolo fineTi da SvedeTi dRes cdiloben, gaaformon urTierToba natosTan (`de facto~ isini, ukve didi xania, integrirebuli arian da mWidrod TanamSromloben blokis samxedro struqturebTan). saqarTvelosgan gansxvavebiT, isini marTlac SeiZleba miiRon natoSi mapis procedurebis gauvlelad (`Membership Action Plan~) iq sazogadoebis demokratizaciis maRali donis gaTvaliswinebiT. irlandia, SvedeTi, Sveicaria, avstria, fineTi, kviprosi, malta, laosi, kamboja, TurqmeneTi _ neitralitetis mxardamWer yvela am qveyanaSi sruliad sxvadasxvagvari geopolitikuri mdgomareoba da demokratiis donea, amitom saqarTvelosTvis romelime maTganTan gatoleba ar SeiZleba.

Zvirfaso mkiTxvelo, Tu internetSi gaecnobiT publikacias `oqrosTavianTa Sexvedrebi moskovSi~ (esaa ruseTis federaciis sagareo saqmeTa ministris moadgile karasinTan, ruseTis federaciis SeiaraRebuli Zalebis generaluri Stabis ufros baluevskisTan da sxvebTan 2007 wlis aprilSi Cemi saubrebis Canawerebi), darwmundebiT, rom saqarTvelos survils, dadges neitralitetis gzaze, ruseTis oficiozi sixaruliT aRiqvamda da maSin kremlTan SeiZleboda SeTanxmeba afxazeTsa da samxreT oseTTan dakavSirebiT. oRond amaze unda SeTanxmebuliyo ara politologi xidirbegiSvili, aramed _ saqarTvelos prezidenti saakaSvili!

gagandobT erT saidumlos: afxazeTSi omis Semdeg kremli saidumlod sTavazobda neitralitets prezident SevardnaZesac da SevardnaZec Tanaxma iyo!!! SeTanxmeba ar Sedga, radgan afxazeTis de faqto xelmZRvaneloba saqarTvelos wiaRSi afxazeTis konfederaciis uflebis dabrunebis sanacvlod iTxovda saqarTvelos neitralitetis saerTaSoriso garantiebs (kerZod _ ruseTisa), rasac `balansirebis frTxili metri~ SevardnaZe ar Tanxmdeboda... es me sul axlaxan Sevityve kargi sainformacio wyaroebidan. magram, 2007 wels piradad rom vkiTxe SevardnaZes neitralitetis politikis Sesaxeb saqarTvelosTan dakavSirebiT, batonma eduardma ieSmaka: `diax, roca prezidenti viyavi, Tavad vlaparakobdi aqtiur neitralitetze, magram Semdeg masze uari vTqvi, imitom, rom metad mousvenar garemocvaSi aris saqarTvelo, metad Zlieri qveynebi xedaven aq TavianT interesebs. roca neitraluri gaxdeba, igi metad daucveli iqneba maT winaSe...~

me ki saqarTvelos neitralitetis Sesaxeb pirvelad sajarod ganvacxade 2005 wels telearx `kavkasiaze~ politikuri ToqSous dros (maSin jer kidev ar eSinodaT Cemi miwvevis): `momismine, ra dros neitraliteti da Tavisufali ekonomikuri zonaa? Sen Zalian dagagvianda _ Cven cali fexiT natoSi varT!~ _ uxeSad gamawyvetina maSin ToqSous monawile politologma cincaZem, romelsac maSin, sxvaTaSoris, mxari dauWira saqarTvelos erT-erTi gazeTis redaqtorma (sami weli gavida da dRemde ver gamigia, sad da romeli fexiTaa cincaZe, magram nato saqarTvelos jerjerobiT aSkarad `ar emuqreba~! Tumca vici _ skkp istoriis yofili leqtori,  dRes propagandisti... natos apologetia da saTaveSi udgas mecnierebas ideologiasTan erTad nino burjanaZis partiaSi, romelic, Zveli qarTuli sibrZnis miuxedavad, apirebs `maWari Zvel tikSi Caasxas~).

didad gavvocdi, rodesac ori wlis Semdeg, 2007 wels, saqarTvelos strategiisa da saerTaSoriso urTierTobaTa kvlevis fondSi winadadeba afxazeTSi Tavisufali ekonomikuri zonebis Sesaxeb, romelsac Seicavda prezident mixeil saakaSvilis gamosvla, politologma sayvareliZem da eqspertma areSiZem gamoacxades... erT-erTi qarTuli gazeTis swored im redaqtoris idead!..

sworad gamigeT _ mTavari is ki araa, pirvelad vin gamoTqva idea, aramed mniSvnelovania, momavalSi ar movaxdinoT misi diskreditacia sazogadoebis TvalSi, `ar CavklaT CanasaxSive~, Tu saTanadod ar icnob sakiTxs, ar gaqvs zustad SemuSavebuli koncefcia _ misi realizaciis sakuTari xedva da axden sxvaTa koncefciebis (rogorc zemoaRniSnul SemTxvevaSi), Tanac _ calkeuli, saerTo koncefciidan amoyrili debulebebis deklarirebas.

xolo neitraluri saqarTvelos ideis `privatizebas~ dRes axdenen amxanagebi, romlebsac, vfiqrob, saxelmwifo neitraliteti warmoudgeniaT neitraluri siCqaris msgavs atributad avtomobilis transmisiaSi, uromlisodac adgilidanac ver daZrav! (magaliTad, `sami wevris partiis~ lideri goCa fifia, partiisa, romelsac Tavisi mcirericxovnobis gamo am saxelsac ver uwodeb, gasul oTxSabaTs xmamaRla RaRadebda neitralitetis Sesaxeb `kavkasiis~ teleeTerSi.) sainteresoa, sad iyvnen es batonebi Tu amxanagebi, rodesac saqarTvelos neitralitetis momxreebi iTvlebodnen ara qarTvelebad, aramed `Sulaveris komitetis~ wevrebad? _ SemTxveviT, afrikaSi xom ara?!

ai,  ase cxovroben SemoqmedebiTi impotenciiT daavadebuli batoni politikanebi da `politologebi~ (romelTac me, raki isini `postfaqtum~ asabuTeben moqmedi xelisuflebis nebismier moqmedebas, proqtologebTan analogiiT, `proqtopolitologebs~ vuwodeb!) kiTxuloben sxvaTa publikaciebs da mcire pauzis (usafrTxoebisaTvis!) Semdeg saqarTvelos sazogadoebas sakuTrad warudgenen moparul ideebs, raSic maT exmarebaT Cveni `jibis~ masobrivi informaciis saSualebebi. ra axasiaTebs aseTi tipis politikur gvamebs? _ isini yovel kuTxeSi trabaxoben, rom `neitralurebi arian da ar iReben fuls arc amerikelebisagan, arc rusebisagan~. da iciT, ratom? _ fuls maT aravin aZlevs _ TeTr saxlsa da kremlSi ar arian idiotebi, vinc gadaixdis fuls `gruz 200~-Si!

samagierod, me axla gavige, rom politikas, Turme, aqvs erovneba; magaliTad, arsebobs qarTuli politika! imedi maqvs, gamoTqma `qarTuli politika~ am xalxis wyalobiT ar gaxdeba droTa ganmavlobaSi iseTive samwuxaro fenomeni, rogoric `qarTuli biznesia~...

mravaljer gavimeoreb: rodesac SiSisa da riskis gamo vlaparakobdi neitralitetis Sesaxeb, es aucilebeli iyo saqarTvelosTvis, magram pasuxad xelisufleba, proqtopolitologebis damatebiT, eSmakis xsenebiT iwyevleboda da... `matarebeli wavida!~ dRes ki saWiroa, vifiqroT ukve saqarTvelos federaciul respublikaze (sfr), sadac federaciis (konfederaciis) uflebiT Sevlen afxazeTi da samxreT oseTi _ ai, erTaderTi gamosavali Seqmnili situaciidan, magram misi ganxorcieleba SeuZlia mxolod sruliad axal xelisuflebas!

amasac vnaxavT: roca Cveni fsevdo-opozicionerebisaTvis es xelsayreli gaxdeba, umalve daiwyeben amaze `simReras~, magram, dRevandeli xelisuflebis SemTxvevaSi, es idea, ueWvelia, ar iqneba popularuli. amis Sesaxeb maTac SesaniSnavad ician, iseve, rogorc is, rom saqarTvelos axal namdvil xelisuflebaSi maTTvis adgili ar iqneba! kvlav daviwyebT eSmakis xsenebiT wyevlas an gavibutebiT rogorc pentagoneli qaliSvilebi da xelidan gavuSvebT am SesaZleblobasac, vinaidan `orjer erT mdinareSi Sesvla SeuZlebelia~. dro Zalian swrafad gadis da gadanawileba SeiZleba Seicvalos uaresobisaken imdenad, rom aRar gvecleba dakarguli teritoriebisaTvis! da kidev imitom, rom Cven mdinaridan arc amovsulvarT isev iq vzivarT da xavss veWidebiT...